HomeNewsTo make AI protected, governments must regulate data collection

To make AI protected, governments must regulate data collection

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau recently announced a $2.4 billion investment in artificial intelligence. Part of the funding shall be used to create an AI security institute. But what’s AI security?

Many countries, including Canada, the United States and people within the European Union, have committed to curbing the harms of AI. Most of them deal with the use and impact of AI. Because AI systems are so ubiquitous and diverse, governments should address security by breaking AI down into its components—algorithms, data, and computing resources, known simply as “compute.”

Innovations in computers and algorithms occur at lightning speed. Governance is just not. Therefore, governments should consider leveraging their existing data strengths to make AI protected.

Data collection

Governments are experts at collecting data. Entire offices are being arrange to gather data on all the things from business vitality to citizen health to traffic flow.

Part of knowledge collection, whether analog or digital, is making decisions about exactly what information to capture and organizing it in order that it is beneficial and usable. Data collection requires decisions that make some categories “real” while ignoring others.

To take a non-digital example, probably the most recent one The US decision to vary Race and ethnicity classifications within the census will recognize recent groups. This recent groups affects counts in other categories, which in turn affects government functions corresponding to how public programs are distributed and the way electoral districts are formed.

Governments are adept at managing access to data. In Canada And the USA, research data centers restrict access to individual census responses and other data to specific university data centers. Governments restrict access to sensitive data to guard individuals.

At the identical time, we regularly imagine that more data improves society, especially in democracies. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development has details about this how accessible government data is is and promotes the concept of ​​“open government”. Those of the EU Data Act facilitates the exchange of knowledge between private and public institutions to advertise a “data economy”.

But data, like most things, is just not an unqualified commodity, although it plays a very important role in the protection of AI. Through understanding Distortions in the infowe will predict problems within the outputs of an AI system.

So why not take into consideration what forms of data are too dangerous for personal corporations to gather and analyze? Why not use considerations? Human dignity or autonomy when deciding whether certain forms of data should even exist?

Regulate data

Governments are specializing in AI applications and uses corresponding to: The EU AI law and Canada Artificial Intelligence and Data Act.

A US executive order The AI ​​policy, issued in October 2023, goals to realize “protected, secure and trustworthy” AI. Importantly, it recognizes that data is a component of AI systems and sets out basic measures to mitigate potential harm. However, the order doesn’t go far enough to articulate how much data about human activities shall be fed into AI systems.

These efforts will not be improper. They are simply incomplete.

Given the urgency to control AI, governments must consider data as an equally essential area of ​​regulation. Data that explicitly pertains to living, respiration and rights-bearing people should be regulated in another way.

Data about people is fed into AI systems based on algorithms. We need to control the sector of algorithm innovation, but we neglect the info that algorithms need to operate.

People visit an AI exhibition in Taipei, Taiwan on April 25, 2024.
(AP Photo/Chiang Ying-ying)

The “forbidden” list of the EU AI law reads like an inventory of humanity's worst nightmares. Real-time biometric systems in public spaces, discrimination against vulnerable groups and using AI to predict crime are options that exist today but are subject to scrutiny or prohibition under the law. However, the ban on the creation and sale of such systems doesn’t change the undeniable fact that the info can and has been collected.

Instead of giving corporations the unfettered ability to gather data on legions of users worldwide, why not limit the info coming in? Why not create a national and even global registry system for corporations that need to collect potentially sensitive data about people, and force them to elucidate why they need that information?

If organizations make the info publicly available, they have to explain why and supply appropriate safeguards. A registry could consider, approve or reject requests to make use of data for limited periods or purposes. Such a registry would then enable regulators to detect unauthorized data collection and use. Violating corporations could possibly be punished.

A burdensome registration process would force corporations to think about whether it’s price collecting certain forms of data. In some cases, the paperwork might not be price it.

Less data intensive models

A more robust and globalized enforcement mechanism from existing data minimization guidelines looks as if a greater idea and a more appropriate framework.

Uncertainties surrounding regulation can depend on global human rights as a legitimate justification for banning data collection.

Additionally, governments can encourage innovation in AI models which can be less data intensive. AI researchers are experimenting with “less is more” – smaller models that show you don’t need as much data as ChatGPT to generate high-quality results.

A man in a blue shirt stands in front of a whiteboard and talks.  There is a marker in his hand.
A professor teaches a course on artificial intelligence at Temple University in Philadelphia in February 2024.
(AP Photo/Matt Rourke)

New research has found that machines can learn through replication Babies' ability to generalize from relatively few experiences. While modern large language models like ChatGPT use hundreds of thousands if not trillions of words, young children learn of much less.

Perhaps “intelligence” will be reproduced in machines by modifying them Method for training machine learning modelsas a substitute of today's approach of gobbling up data or adding more computing resources.

It may be tempting to roll your eyes at the concept that governments could ever gain control of the ever-evolving AI landscape.

But perhaps that’s because governments haven’t focused on their strengths. Governments have lots of experience managing people’s data, and AI currently requires lots of data to work. Policymakers must reject the hype and recognize the importance of knowledge in making AI each protected and functional.


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